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      Toronto Notes 2021 Contributors

      Editors-in-Chief
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      CONTENT REVIEW COMMITTEE

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      PRIMARY

      Associate Editors
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      MEDICINE

      Associate Editors
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      EBM Editors
      Robert D'Cruz
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      SURGERY

      Associate Editors
      Amrit Sampalli
      Ryan Wang

      EBM Editors
      Akshdeep Bhatia
      Natalie Landon-Brace

      Chapter Editors

      Ethil, Legal, and Organizational Medicine
      Zainab Doleeb
      Moiz Mikail
      Jennifer Zheng

      Anesthesia
      Dong An
      Sylvie Bowden
      Isabelle Laksono
      Ryan Ramos

      Clinil Pharmacology
      Sarfraz Gill
      thy Huilin Lu
      Sheza Qayyum

      Dermatology
      Na-Young Cindy Kang
      Matthew Ladda
      Khalad Maliyar

      Emergency Medicine
      Kiran Grant
      Arshia Pedram Javidan
      Jason CS Kwan
      Natalie Paolucci

      Family Medicine
      Bryce Chen
      Ingrid Cheung
      Tiffany Got
      Moni Shah

      Medil Genetics
      Andrew Assatory
      Kelly Dong

      Medil Imaging
      Chaitanya Bhatt
      Keshav Narang
      Taryn Rohringer

      Paediatrics
      Kristen Dietrich
      Brian Earl
      Taaha Muhammad
      Jacqui van Warmerdam

      Palliative Medicine
      Airiss Chan
      Kristen Dietrich
      Kiran Grant
      Verina Hanna
      Valerie Kim
      Sheida Naderi-Azad
      Moni Shah
      Donald Wang

      Psychiatry
      Ayan Dey
      Meera Mahendiran
      Fiona Moloney

      Public Health and Preventive Medicine
      Zainab Doleeb
      Stephanie Hosang
      Chantal Phillips

      rdiology and rdiac Surgery
      David Bobrowski
      Sagar Patel
      Amr Saleh
      Klaudiusz Stoklosa

      Endocrinology
      Armin Farahvash
      Ghazal Haddad
      Alice Zhu

      Gastroenterology
      Christina Blagojevic
      Airiss Chan
      Jennifer Zheng

      Geriatric Medicine
      Emily Chen
      Kimberley Lau
      David Wiercigroch

      Hematology
      Zachary Blatman
      Sara Mirali
      Natalya O'Neill

      Infectious Diseases
      Monisha Basu
      Michelle Lee
      Sabrina Yeung

      Nephrology
      Karan Chohan
      Savar Kaul
      Aneesh Thakore

      Neurology
      Laavanya Dharmakulaseelan
      Megan Hird
      Jenny Liao

      Respirology
      Krish Bilimoria
      Reza Fakhraei
      Ortenc Hoxha

      Rheumatology
      Onella Charles
      Nathalie Loeb
      meron Taheri

      General and Thoracic Surgery
      Melanie Elhafid
      Sina Hadipour-Lakmehsari
      Darby Little
      Andreea Matei

      Gynaecology
      Isabella Fan
      Lyn (Xinglin) Li
      Melissa Tigert
      Eliya (Zi Ying) Zhao

      Neurosurgery
      Sara Ahmed
      Anders Erickson
      Sydney McQueen

      Obstetrics
      Susan Dong
      Julia Hollingsworth
      Abirami Kirubarajan

      Ophthalmology
      Yusuf Ahmed
      Avi Garg
      Prem Nichani
      Bryan Wong

      Orthopaedics
      Sofia Solar faggi
      Anser Daud
      Emmanuel Igbokwe
      Geoffrey Schemitsch

      Otolaryngology
      YiQin Cheng
      Christopher End
      Christina (Joo Hyun) Kim
      Gianlu Sampieri

      Plastic Surgery
      Shawn Khan
      Mithila Somasundaram
      Janakan Somasundaram

      Urology
      Adam Bobrowski
      Christina Ding

      Vascular Surgery
      Shane Natalwalla
      Lyon Qiao

      Copy Editors

      Ethil, Legal, and Organizational Medicine
      Dakoda Herman
      Iris Kim
      Stephanie Schwindt
      Katie Wilkins

      Anesthesia
      Linor Berezin
      Clemence Cote
      Emanuel Mastrangelo

      Clinil Pharmacology
      Monish Ahluwalia
      Kathak Vachhani

      Dermatology
      Maria Leis
      Seiwon Park
      Ashmita Singh
      Evan Tang

      Emergency Medicine
      Danielle Lewis
      Ming K. Li
      Kenneth Williams
      Hanyan Zou

      Family Medicine
      Stephanie Hosang
      Brendan Kelly
      Danny Ma
      Lauren Wintraub

      Medil Genetics
      Nicholas Light
      Joanna Yang

      Medil Imaging
      Thomas Chang
      Sabrina Fitzgerald
      Mana Modares

      Paediatrics
      Yousuf Ahmed
      Anna Jiang
      Benjamin Martinez
      Ananya Srivastava

      Palliative Medicine
      Maleeha A. Qazi
      Grace Xu

      Psychiatry
      Ruth Chau
      Jeanette Hui
      Jackie Tsang
      Mary Xie

      Public Health and Preventive Medicine
      Mallory Jackman
      Andrew Terence Lam
      Max Solish
      Mithila Somasundaram

      rdiology and rdiac Surgery
      Ahmed Abdelaal
      Nitish Dhingra
      Steven Mejia
      Clara Osei-Yeboah

      Endocrinology
      Moni Boctor
      Irakli Dzneladze
      Lindsey Hatcher
      Christine Wu

      Gastroenterology
      Hifza Buhari
      Kyung Young Kim
      Alicia Serrano
      Jack Su

      Geriatric Medicine
      Dorothy Qian
      Charles Brian Serapio

      Hematology
      Justin Brunet
      Reid Gallant
      Rohit Jogendran
      Yici (Andrea) Liu

      Infectious Diseases
      Arnav Agarwal
      Kevin Jia Qi Chen
      Andreea Damian
      Adrian Witol

      Nephrology
      Peter Nakhla
      Nawazish Naqvi

      Neurology
      Sabrina mpbell
      Mythili Nair
      Kaylee Sohng
      Edwin Wong

      Respirology
      Emily DeHaas
      Arjuna Maharaj
      Nicholas Taylor

      Rheumatology
      Tao Chan
      Dario Ferri
      Deepanshu Sharma

      General and Thoracic Surgery
      Anisha Akhtar
      Flora Jung
      Shawn Khan
      Ayesha Tasneem

      Gynaecology
      Alessandra Ceccci
      ra Elliott
      therine Meng
      Ronak Saluja

      Neurosurgery
      Dan Budiansky
      Zaid Salaheen
      Raza Syed
      Hoyee Wan

      Obstetrics
      Zainab Doleeb
      Justin Lim
      Karly Stratos
      Wei (Sheila) Yu

      Ophthalmology
      Yuri Chaban
      Arjan Dhoot
      Yuliya Lytvyn
      Felicia Tai

      Orthopaedics
      Robert Koucheki
      Janakan Somasundaram
      Jane Zhu

      Otolaryngology
      Arshia Eshtiaghi
      Mark Khoury
      Justin Lu

      Plastic Surgery
      Matthew rr
      Justin Haas
      Golsa Shafa
      Jessi Trac

      Urology
      Adree Khondker
      Xinran Liu
      Xin Xu

      Vascular Surgery
      Lina Elfaki
      Raumil Patel

      All contributing professors have been appointed at the University of Toronto.

      PRIMARY

      Ethil, Legal, and Organizational Medicine

      Erika Abner, LLB, LLM, PhD
      Faculty Lead, Ethics and Professionalism
      Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine
      Undergraduate Medil Edution

      Andria Bianchi, PhD
      University Health Network
      Dalla Lana School of Public Health
      University of Toronto

      Chase Everett McMurren, BA, BEd, MD, CCFP
      Department of Family and Community Medicine
      University of Toronto

      Jason J Pennington, MD, MSc, FRCSC
      Division of General Surgery
      Department of Surgery
      Srborough Health Network

      Lisa Richardson, MD, MA, FRCPC
      Division of General Internal Medicine
      Department of Medicine
      University Health Network

      Anesthesia

      Ahtsham Niazi, MBBS, FRCSI, FRCPC
      Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management
      University Health Network

      Anita Sarmah, MBChB, MD, FR, FRCPC
      Department of Anaesthesia
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
      Programme Director, UME Anesthesia
      University of Toronto

      Diana Tamir, MD, FRCPC
      Staff Anesthesiologist, Toronto General Hospital
      Clinil Director of the Acute Pain Service
      Postgrad Anesthesia Site Assistant Coordinator
      Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management
      Toronto General Hospital

      Clinil Pharmacology

      David Juurlink, BPhm, MD, PhD, FRCPC
      Division of Clinil Pharmacology and Toxicology, Departments of Medicine and Paediatrics
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Cindy Woodland, PhD
      Associate Professor, Teaching Stream
      Director, Collaborative Specialization in Biomedil Toxicology
      Director, Applied Clinil Pharmacology Program

      Dermatology

      David Adam, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Patrick Fleming, MD, MSc, FRCPC, FAAD, FCDA
      Assistant Professor, Division of Dermatology
      Dermatologist, Lynde Institute for Dermatology
      Investigator, Probity Medil Research

      Marissa Joseph, MD, MScCH, FRCPC, FRCPC
      Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine
      Women’s College Hospital and The Hospital for Sick Children

      Jensen Yeung, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine
      Women’s College Hospital

      Emergency Medicine

      Mark Freedman, BSc, MD, FRCPC
      Department of Emergency Medicine
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Nadia Primiani, MD, CCFP(EM)
      Department of Emergency Medicine
      Sinai Health System

      Fernando Teixeira, MD, FRCPC
      Department of Emergency Medicine
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Family Medicine

      Ruby Alvi, MD, CCFP, MHSc
      Department of Family and Community Medicine

      Chase Everett McMurren, BA, BEd, MD, CCFP
      Department of Family and Community Medicine
      University of Toronto

      Azadeh Moaveni, MD, CCFP, FCFP
      Department of Family and Community Medicine
      University Health Network
      Toronto Western Hospital

      Medil Genetics

      Hanna Faghfoury, MDCM, FRCPC, FCCMG
      The Fred A Litwin Family Centre in Genetic Medicine, Department of Medicine
      Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network

      Graeme AM Nimmo, MBBS, MSc, FRCPC
      The Fred A Litwin Family Centre in Genetic Medicine, Department of Medicine
      Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network

      Joyce So, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FCCMG
      The Fred A Litwin Family Centre in Genetic Medicine, Department of Medicine
      Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network

      Medil Imaging

      Nasir Jaffer, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Abdominal Imaging, Department of Medil Imaging
      Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network
      Joint Department of Medil Imaging
      University of Toronto

      John Kavanagh, MD, FRCPC
      Division of rdiothoracic Imaging, Department of Medil Imaging
      Joint Department of Medil Imaging
      University of Toronto

      Kieran Murphy, MB, FRCPC, FSIR
      Interventional Neuroradiology,
      Professor of Medil Imaging

      Eugene Yu, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medil Imaging
      University Health Network

      Paediatrics

      Julie Johnstone, MD (FRCPC), MScCH
      Division of Paediatric Medicine, Department of Paediatrics
      The Hospital for Sick Children

      Laila Premji, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Paediatric Medicine, Department of Paediatrics
      The Hospital for Sick Children

      Angela Punnett MD FRCPC
      Division of Haematology/Oncology, Department of Paediatrics
      The Hospital for Sick Children

      Shazeen Suleman, MSc, MD, MPH (FRCPC)
      Women and Children's Health
      St. Michael's Hospital
      Unity Health Toronto

      Palliative Medicine

      Risa Bordman, MD, CCFP(PC), FCFP
      Associate Professor
      Faculty Development Program Lead, Office of Edution Scholarship
      Co-chair Edution Committee, Division of Palliative re
      Department of Family & Community Medicine

      Adam Rapoport, MD, FRCPC, MHSc
      Departments of Paediatrics and Family & Community Medicine
      University of Toronto
      Paediatric Advanced re Team, SickKids
      Emily's House Children's Hospice

      Donna Spaner, MD, CCFP(PC), FCFP, MScCH
      Division of Palliative re, Department of Family and Community Medicine
      Toronto Grace Health Centre

      Psychiatry

      Saulo stel, MD, PhD, FRCPC
      Director, Inpatient Services
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
      Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry

      Ellen Margolese, LLB, MD, FRCP(C)
      Assistant Professor
      Undergraduate Edution Coordinator
      Staff Psychiatrist?
      Mount Sinai Hospital

      Mary Preisman, MD, FRCPC
      Department of Psychiatry
      Mount Sinai Hospital

      Public Health and Preventive Medicine

      Chase Everett McMurren, BA, BEd, MD, CCFP
      Department of Family and Community Medicine
      University of Toronto

      Onye Nnorom, MDCM, CCFP, MPH, FRCPC
      Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto
      Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto

      Jason J Pennington, MD, MSc, FRCSC
      Division of General Surgery
      Department of Surgery
      Srborough Health Network

      Andrew Pinto, BSc, MD, CCFP, FRCPC, MSc
      Department of Family and Community Medicine, St. Michael's Hospital
      Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto
      Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto

      Lisa Richardson, MD, MA, FRCPC
      Division of General Internal Medicine
      Department of Medicine
      University Health Network

      MEDICINE

      rdiology and rdiac Surgery

      Chi-Ming Chow, MD, CM, MSc, FRCPC
      Division of rdiology, Department of Medicine
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Paul Dorian, MD, MSc, FRCPC
      Division of rdiology
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Jacob A. Udell, MD, MPH, FRCPC
      Division of rdiology, Department of Medicine
      Women's College Hospital and Toronto General Hospital
      University of Toronto

      Bobby Yanagawa, MD, PhD, FRCSC
      Division of rdiac Surgery
      St Michael’s Hospital

      Endocrinology

      Karen Gomez-Hernandez, MD, MSc
      Department of Endocrinology
      University Health Network Mount Sinai Hospital

      Geetha Mukerji, MD, MSc, FRCPC
      Division of Endocrinology
      Women’s College Hospital

      Phillip Segal, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Endocrinology
      University Health Network

      Gastroenterology

      Maria Cino, BSc(Hon), MSc, MD, FRCPC, GF
      Division of Gastroenterology
      University Health Network, Toronto Western Division
      Associate Professor, University of Toronto

      Nicola L. Jones, MD, FRCPC, PhD
      Department of Paediatrics
      Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
      The Hospital for Sick Children

      Gabor Kandel, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Piero Tartaro, MD, MScCH, FRCPC
      Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Geriatric Medicine

      Vicky Chau, MD, MScCH, FRCPC
      Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine
      Sinai Health System

      Karen D’Silva, MD, MS, FRCPC
      Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine
      St Michael’s Hospital

      Dan Liberman, MD, MScCH, FRCPC
      Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine
      University Health Network

      Thiru Yogaparan, MD, FRCP
      Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine,
      Baycrest Health Sciences

      Hematology

      Gloria Lim, MD, MSc, FRCPC
      Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Martina Trinkaus, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Richard Wells, MD, DPhil, FRCPC
      Division of Medil Oncology and Hematology, Department of Medicine
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Infectious Diseases

      Andrea K. Boggild, BSc, MSc, MD, FRCPC
      Tropil Disease Unit, Toronto General Hospital
      Division of Infectious Diseases, University Health Network
      Department of Medicine, University of Toronto
      Institute of Medil Science, University of Toronto

      Paul Bunce, BSc, MA, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine
      University Health Network

      Susan M. Poutanen, MD, MPH, FRCPC
      Department of Microbiology,
      University Health Network & Sinai Health
      Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine
      University Health Network & Mount Sinai Hospital

      Nephrology

      Damien Noone, MB BCh BAO, MSc
      Division of Paediatric Nephrology, Department of Paediatrics
      The Hospital for Sick Children

      Gemini Tanna, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Alireza Zahirieh, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Nephrology
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Neurology

      Lorraine Kalia, MD, PhD, FRCPC
      Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine
      University Health Network

      Charles D. Kassardjian, MD, MSc, FRCPC
      Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine
      St. Michael's Hospital

      Mahendra Moharir, MD, MSc, FRACP
      Staff Neurologist
      Division of Neurology, Department of Paediatrics
      The Hospital for Sick Children

      Respirology

      Lee Fidler, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Respirology
      Sunnybrook Health Science Centre

      Samir Gupta, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine
      Unity Health Toronto

      Andrew Kouri, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Christopher Li, MD, FRCPC, DABSM
      Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine
      St. Michael’s Hospital, Unity Health Toronto

      Rheumatology

      Arthur Bookman, MD, FRCPC
      Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine
      University Health Network

      Shirley Lake, MD, FRCPC, MSc (QIPS)
      Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Medha L. Soowamber, MD, MSc, FRCPC
      Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine
      Mount Sinai Hospital

      SURGERY

      General and Thoracic Surgery

      Abdollah Behzadi, MD, MBA, FRCSC, FACS
      Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery
      Trillium Health Partners, University of Toronto

      Laura Donahoe, MD, MSc, FRCSC
      Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery
      Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network

      Jesse Pasternak, MD, MPH, FRCSC
      Department of General Surgery
      University Health Network

      Fayez Quereshy, MD, MBA, FRCSC
      Department of General Surgery
      University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital

      Gynaecology

      Colleen McDermott, MSc, MD, FRCSC
      Division of Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
      Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
      Mount Sinai Hospital

      Danielle Vicus, MD, FRCSC, MSc
      Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Fay Weisberg, MD, FRCSC
      Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      University of Toronto

      Neurosurgery

      Sunit Das, MD, PhD
      Division of Neurosurgery
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Eric M. Massicotte, MD, MSc, MBA, FRCSC
      Associate Professor University of Toronto
      Staff Neurosurgeon, University Health Network
      Director of Undergraduate Edution for Neurosurgery
      Medil Director, Back & Neck Program Altum Health

      Obstetrics

      Rohan D'Souza, MD, PhD, FRCOG, FCPS, MBBS, MSc, DNB, DGO, DFP
      Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Mount Sinai Hospital

      Richard Pittini, MD, MEd, FRCSC, FACOG
      Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toronto
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Ophthalmology

      Asim Ali, MD, FRCSC
      Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences
      The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto

      Wai-Ching Lam, MD, FRCSC
      Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science
      University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital

      Marisa Sit, MD, FRCSC
      Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences
      University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital

      Orthopaedics

      Jeremy Hall, MD, FRCSC
      Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Paul Kuzyk, MD, MASc, FRCSC
      Assistant Professor
      Lower Extremity Reconstruction Surgery
      Division of Orthopaedic Surgery

      Sarah Ward BSc, MLA, MD, MSc
      Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Jesse Wolfstadt, MD, MSc, FRCSC
      Granovsky Gluskin Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery
      Sinai Health System

      Otolaryngology

      Jonathan Irish, MD, MSc, FRCSC
      Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
      University Health Network

      Evan Propst, MD, MSc, FRCSC
      Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
      The Hospital for Sick Children

      Plastic Surgery

      Siba Haykal, MD, PhD, FRCSC
      Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery
      University Health Network

      Melinda Musgrave, MD, PhD, FRCSC
      Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery
      St. Michael’s Hospital

      Urology

      Sender Herschorn, BSc, MDCM, FRCSC
      Division of Urology, Department of Surgery
      Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

      Yonah Krakowsky, MD, FRCSC
      Division of Urology
      Women’s College & Mount Sinai Hospital

      Jason Lee, MD, MHPE, FRCSC
      Division of Urology, Department of Surgery
      University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital

      Vascular Surgery

      Elisa Greco, BSc, MEd, MD, RPVI, FRCSC
      Vascular Surgeon, St Michael’s Hospital

      George Oreopoulos, MD, MSc, FRCSC
      Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery
      University Health Network

       

      The following external contributors revised content related to Indigenous health and history.

      Erin Coates, MD
      Department of Pediatrics
      BC Children's Hospital

      Dr. ssandra Felske-Durksen, BSc, MD, CCFP
      Indigenous Wellness Clinic, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta
      Clinil Lecturer, University of Alberta
      Clinil Instructor, University of British Columbia

      Tibetha Kemble (Stonechild), BMgt, MEd, PhD (ndidate)
      Department of Edutional Policy Studies
      Faculty of Edution
      University of Alberta

      Bob Whiteduck Crawford
      Professor and Counsellor George Brown College
      Member of the Snimikobi First Nation
      Former Chief of the Ardoch Algonquin First Nation
      President of the Board, Native Earth Performing Arts

       

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